Thymidine phosphorylase participates in platelet signaling and promotes thrombosis
By using a ferric chloride (FeCl3)–induced carotid artery injury thrombosis model, we found time to blood flow cessation was significantly prolonged in Tymp−/− and Tymp+/− mice compared with wild-type mice. Bone marrow transplantation and platelet transfusion studies demonstrated that platelet TYMP was responsible for the antithrombotic phenomenon in the TYMP-deficient mice. Collagen-, collagen-related peptide–, adenosine diphosphate-, or thrombin-induced platelet aggregation were significantly attenuated in Tymp+/− and Tymp−/− platelets, and in wild type or human platelets pretreated with TYMP inhibitor KIN59. Tymp deficiency also significantly decreased agonist-induced P-selectin expression. TYMP contains an N-terminal SH3 domain-binding proline-rich motif and forms a complex with the tyrosine kinases Lyn, Fyn, and Yes in platelets. TYMP-associated Lyn was inactive in resting platelets, and TYMP trapped and diminished active Lyn after collagen stimulation. Tymp/Lyn double haploinsufficiency diminished the antithrombotic phenotype of Tymp+/− mice. TYMP deletion or inhibition of TYMP with KIN59 dramatically increased platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 tyrosine phosphorylation and diminished collagen-related peptide– or collagen-induced AKT phosphorylation. In vivo administration of KIN59 significantly inhibited FeCl3-induced carotid artery thrombosis without affecting hemostasis.
Li W, Gigante A, Perez-Perez MJ, Yue H, Hirano M, McIntyre TM, Silverstein RL. Thymidine phosphorylase participates in platelet signaling and promotes thrombosis. Circulation research. 2014;115(12):997-1006.