This conceptual paper will aid counselors and mental health professionals in obtaining insight to utilizing a Social Determinants of Mental Health Framework with older adult clients. Further, the article incorporates the Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling Competencies to further contextualize the therapeutic alliance. The authors utilize the Social Determinants of Mental Health Framework to frame counseling assessment, case conceptualization, and treatment planning to improve the mental health outcomes of older adults. The article utilizes a specific case example to assess, conceptualize, and plan treatment for an older adult client contextualized in their environment.

Author ORCID Identifier

Janelle L. Jones - 0000-0002-5798-7075

Julia Lancaster - 0000-0002-7228-7595

Lauren B. Robins - 0000-0002-8898-3499

Matthew L. Nice - 0000-0002-3113-6491

Bisola Duyile - 0000-0001-5643-5191