Obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is now considered a chronic disease by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the West. Its impact on trauma outcomes is of particular interest with several studies presenting conflicting information. The present overview suggests a strong association between obesity and injury severity, hospital length of stay (LOS), intensive care unit (ICU) admission, pattern of injury, rate of complications and mortality. The nature of the observations may relate to an underlying physiological state of the obese patient and its associated comorbidities with a constant heightened inflammatory state aggravated by the second hit on an injury.
Conflict(s) of Interest
There are no Conflicts of Interest to report.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Modarresi, Milad; Gillon, Brad; Najjar Mojarrab, Javad; Aguilar, Rodrigo; Hunter, Zackary Dylan; Schade, Matthew Steven; Sanabria, Jackie; Klug, Rebecca; Adkins, Seth; and Sanabria, Juan R.
"The Effects of Obesity on Outcomes in Trauma Injury: Overview of the Current Literature,"
Marshall Journal of Medicine:
4, Article 12.
Available at: https://mds.marshall.edu/mjm/vol3/iss4/12