Author Credentials

Callie Seaman BS Michael Amos MD Adam M. Franks MD Asher Sexton MD Kimberly McClelland MD, MPH, MBA Erika M. Harris MD


Diabetic Muscle Infarction, Diabetic Myonecrosis


Medicine and Health Sciences


Diabetic muscle infarction (DMI) is a rare microvascular complication of spontaneous ischemic necrosis of skeletal muscle in patients with poorly controlled diabetes. We herein describe the case of a 26-year-old woman with a history of type I diabetes and accompanying diabetic microvascular complications of neuropathy, nephropathy and retinopathy, who presented with sudden onset of swelling and sharp pain in her bilateral thighs. T2-weighted MRI imaging revealed subcutaneous edema and sub-fascial, hyper-intense enhancement of proximal thigh musculature. DMI has a relatively non-specific clinical presentation; therefore, physician awareness is key for early diagnosis, as aggressive management has been associated with poor patient outcomes. With poor long-term prognosis and high reoccurrence, DMI acts as an indicator of vascular end-organ damage.