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Placement of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are increasing in frequency due to their indication for the prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients prone to life-threatening arrhythmias. Primary care physicians should be aware of the possible complications so they can treat their patients appropriately. This article describes a rare case of chronic unilateral breast enlargement after the placement of an ICD in a male patient with Tetralogy of Fallot.
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Valluri, Anisha and Goebel, Lynne J.
"Male Breast Enlargement After Automated Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement,"
Marshall Journal of Medicine:
1, Article 5.
Available at: https://mds.marshall.edu/mjm/vol7/iss1/5