Author ORCID Identifier
Tammy Bannister - ORCID ID -
Subcutaneous Nodules, Sarcoidosis, Dermatologic Presentation
Medicine and Health Sciences
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease primarily characterized by pulmonary manifestations. Extrapulmonary involvement in sarcoidosis is well documented and common, but isolated extrapulmonary involvement is rare at around 10% of cases at the time of diagnosis. Cutaneous presentations vary significantly, with erythema nodosum being the most common. Since extrapulmonary symptoms most likely suggest systemic involvement, any way to identify sarcoidosis early is paramount. We present a case of a 63-year-old Caucasian female with multiple palpable 0.5-3cm nodules under the skin of the bilateral forearms, left hand, and lower extremities. A biopsy of a lesion revealed numerous sarcoidal phenotype granulomas without necrosis surrounded by a mild lymphocytic infiltrate. Imaging confirmed calcified mediastinal, hilar, and sub-carinal lymph nodes, as well as revealed scattered calcified and non-calcified granulomas in the upper lung fields. Treatment is not always required, and this patient’s subcutaneous nodules resolved with a single course of steroids. Therefore, it is vital for primary care providers to maintain a high index of suspicion for sarcoidosis with various dermatological findings, as it may be the presenting symptom for sarcoidosis and allow early recognition, monitoring, and intervention.
Taylor K, Curry C, Stalnaker E, Leport H, Stickler M, Bannister T.
Subcutaneous Sarcoid Nodules: A Dermatologic Presentation of Systemic Sarcoidosis for Primary Care Physicians.
Marshall J Med.